Climate Change Performance Index – UPSC

Germanwatch, the NewClimate Institute, and the Climate Action Network (CAN) jointly publish the Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) annually. The Index is an independent monitoring tool, which tracks the climate protection performance of 60 countries and the European Union (EU). It has been published annually since 2005. It aims to enhance transparency in international climate politics and enables the comparability of climate protection efforts and progress made by individual countries.

CPPI analyses the countries in four categories: Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Renewable Energies, Energy Use, and Climate Policy. The Index measures how well the countries are on track to meet the global goals of the Paris Agreement by evaluating the current status and the future targets of each category with reference to a well-below two-degree Celsius (2°C) pathway.

Overview of the Climate Change Performance Index 2022

Published byGermanwatch, the Climate Action Network (CAN), the NewClimate Institute
Parameters of the Index1. Greenhouse Gas emissions
2. Renewable Energy
3. Energy Use
4. Climate Policy
Top three countries in the IndexDenmark (4th position).
Sweden (5th position).
Norway (6th position).
India ranks10th position

About the Climate Change Performance Index 2022

  • On 9 November 2021, the Germanwatch, in collaboration with the NewClimate Institute and the Climate Action Network (CAN), published the 17th edition of CCPI, i.e., Climate Change Performance Index 2022.
  • The report was released on the side-lines of COP-26 to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
  • The Index monitors the climate mitigation performance of the 60 countries and the European Union (EU), which together accounts for more than 90% of global greenhouse gas emissions.
  • CCPI 2022 accesses the countries’ performance in four categories with 14 indicators:
    • Greenhouse Gas Emissions (40% of overall score).
    • Renewable Energy (20% of overall score).
    • Energy Use (20% of overall score).
    • Climate Policy (20% of overall score).

Key Highlights of the Climate Change Performance Index 2022

  • No country performs well enough in all index categories to achieve an overall “very high” rating in the index. Therefore, the first three ranks of the overall ranking and categories specific ranking in the CCPI 2022 were kept empty.
  • Denmark is the highest-ranked country at 4th rank in CCPI 2022 but does not perform well enough to achieve an overall “very high” rating.
  • Sweden ranks at 5th, Norway at 6th, the United Kingdom at 7th, Morocco at 8th, Chile at 9th, and India at 10th in the CCPI 2022.
  • The United States, Canada, Russia, Australia, and Saudi Arabia have the lowest ratings.
  • China ranked at 33rd, while the United States ranked at 55th position.

Performance by G20 countries

  • The four G20 countries are among the high-performing countries in CCPI 2022, with the United Kingdom ranked at 7th, India at 10th, Germany at 13th, and France at 17th position.
  • Eleven countries, among the G20, ranked at a “low” or “very low” overall rating.
  • Saudi Arabia, ranked at 63rd position, is the worst-performing country among the G20.
  • The G20 countries are responsible for about 75% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions.

EU performance

  • Overall, the EU ranked at the 22nd position and no longer is among the high performers.
  • Denmark and Sweden are the best performing EU countries, ranked 4th and 5th respectively.
  • Slovenia (50th), the Czech Republic (51st), Poland (52nd), and Hungary (53rd) are among the worst-performing EU countries, each obtaining a Very Low rating.

Performance of India in the CCPI 2022

  • In the overall ranking, India ranked at 10th position by scoring 69.20 points out of 100.
  • India‘s performance was rated high in the Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Energy Use, and Climate Policy categories, and medium in Renewable Energy.
  • The subcontinent is already on track to meet its 2030 emissions target.
  • Although India obtains an overall high performance, the experts argue that the country should set an explicit net zero target for 2050.

Category wise results based on CCPI 2022

Greenhouse Gas Emissions

A strong COVID-19 rebound effect gets noticed for the GHG emissions. The COVID-19 pandemic triggered a sharp, globally unrepresented 5.4% drop in CO2 emissions.

Still, no country rates very high in the GHG Emissions category.

Among the G20, the United Kingdom, Mexico, India, and Germany receive an overall high rating. Seven G20 countries, including the Russian Federation, Australia, the United States, and Canada, received a “Very Low” rating for their performance.

European Union rates medium in all indicators in the GHG Emissions category.

Renewable Energy

Renewable energy capacity continues to grow at a record pace, despite the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Norway is the first country to receive a “very high” rating in this category.

India joins Brazil, Indonesia, Turkey as the only G20 countries ranking high in the Renewable Energy category. Mexico and the Russian Federation are the worst performers in this category.

EU rates “medium” in the Renewable Energy category, showing no improvement from last year’s CCPI.

Energy Use

Energy Consumption continues to rise.

Among G20 countries, Mexico, Brazil, the United Kingdom, Argentina, and India, obtains a high rating in the Energy Use category.

Malta and Greece are the only two countries among the European Union to receive a high rating. Belgium, Luxembourg, and Finland perform Very Low in this category.

Climate Policy

Climate policies are increasing but still have insufficient ambition.

Among the G20, France, China, the United Kingdom, India obtains a high rating in the Climate Policy category.

In the case of the European Union, Luxembourg and Denmark lead the Climate Policy ranking, owing to their national and international climate performance.

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